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President Kim Il Sung was born in Mangyongdae, Pyongyang City on April 15, 1912, the first son of Kim Hyong Jik and Kang Pan Sok.
His father named him Song Ju, hoping that he would become the pillar of the country.
He spent his boyhood moving frequently to various areas of Korea and China with his parents, who were engaged in revolutionary activities.
He gained a good command of Chinese because he had learned it at an early age and studied at a Chinese school, thanks to his father’s farsightedness. This made a great contribution to his waging a joint anti-Japanese struggle with the Chinese people later on.
In March 1923, He made the journey of 250 miles from Badaogou to Mangyongdae upholding the lofty idea of his father that, in order to make revolution, he should know the actual situation in his own country well and studied at Changdok School in Chilgol where his mother’s maiden home was.
In January 1925, he heard the news that his father had been arrested again by the Japanese imperialists, and resolutely left Mangyongdae with the firm determination not to return until Korea had won its independence.
In June 1926, after his father Kim Hyong Jik’s death, he was admitted to Hwasong Uisuk School, a two-year military and political school belonging to an anti-Japanese nationalist organization in Huadian, China, where he organized the Down-with-Imperialism Union (DIU) and was acclaimed as its head on October 17 the same year.
He left Hwasong Uisuk School after half a year of study, in order to carry out his revolutionary activities on a full-scale basis and moved the arena of his revolutionary activity to Jilin.
While studing at the Jilin Yuwen Middle School, he reorganized the DIU into the Anti-Imperialist Youth League, a more mass-based organization, on August 27, 1927 and founded the Young Communist League of Korea on August 28.
He also formed various mass organizations and lead the anti-Japanese struggles.
He was arrested by reactionary policemen in January 1928, rearrested in the autumn of 1929 and served a prison term in Jilin prison until early the following May.
He clarified in full the path of the Korean revolution, the strategic and tactical problems for the fulfilment of its main task at Kalun meeting from June 30 to July 2, 1930.
He formed the first party organization—the Society for Rallying Comrades on July 3 in Kalun and organized the Korean Revolutionary Army, a political and paramilitary organization to make preparations for an anti-Japanese armed struggle in Guyushu, Yitong County, on July 6 the same year.
He formed the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army (later reorganized into the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army), a standing revolutionary army on April 25, 1932, lead the anti-Japanese armed struggle to victory and made his triumphal return home on September 19, 1945.
He formed the Central Organizing Committee of the Communist Party of North Korea and proclaimed the founding of the Party on October 10, 1945.
He established the Provisional People’s Committee of North Korea, was acclaimed Chairman on February 8, 1946 and published the 20-Point Platform.
He formed the Workers’ Party of North Korea by merging the Communist Party with the New Democratic Party in August 1946.
He lead the tasks of the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution successfully in a short period of time.
He organized the first democratic election and established the People’s Assembly of North Korea where was acclaimed the Chairman of People’s Committee of North Korea, the new central organ of state power and set forth the tasks of the period of transition to socialism.
He transformed the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army into the Korean People’s Army, the regular revolutionary armed forces in February 1948.
On September 9, 1948, he founded the DPRK, the unified central government of the Korean people and was acclaimed Premier of the Government, Head of State, by the unanimous will of the entire Korean nation.
He called the Joint Plenary Meeting of the Central Committees of the Workers’ Parties of North and South Korea on June 30, 1949, where was acclaimed the Chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea.
From June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953 he lead the Fatherland Liberation War to a brilliant victory safeguarding national sovereignty and sending US imperialism into a decline.
On August 5, 1953, he put forward the basic line of the postwar economic construction at the 6th Plenary Meeting of the Party Central Committee and lead the struggle for its implementation.
He pushed forward socialist revolution aimed at transforming production relations along socialist lines in urban and rural areas, in parallel with the postwar economic construction.
He was elected again Chairman of the Central Committee at the 3rd and 4th Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea (April 1956 and September 1961).
He advanced a new idea of uninterrupted revolution and defined the three revolutions—ideological, technological and cultural—as its main content.
He called the 5th Plenary Meeting of the 4th Party Central Committee in December 1962 and set forth a new strategic policy of simultaneously carrying on economic construction and defense building, in order to cope with the increasingly blatant moves of the US imperialists for another war.
He was elected General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea at the 14th Plenary Meeting of the 4th Party Central Committee.
He lead successfully the historic tasks of industrialization from 1957 to 1970.
He was acclaimed as President of the DPRK according to the new Socialist Constitution of the DPRK adopted at the 1st session of the 5th Supreme People’s Assembly in December 1972.
He was reacclaimed as the General Secretary of the Central Committee at the 5th and 6th Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea (November 1970 and October 1980).
He defined the modelling of the whole society on the Juche idea as the general task of the Korean revolution.
He set forth the three principles of national reunification (May 1972), the plan for founding the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo (October 1980) and the 10-Point Program of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country (April 1993).
He led the entire Party, the entire army and all the people to unite solidly behind leader Kim Jong Il and support his leadership and turned over the heavy responsibilities of the state and the revolutionary armed forces to him one by one in order to safeguard socialism and accomplish the revolutionary cause of Juche.
On June 1994, he met former US president Carter in Pyongyang and created favorable conditions for the opening of Korea-US negotiations about the nuclear issue and for the north-south summit conference.
He worked hard for the Party and the revolution, for the country and the people, for the global independence till the last moment of his life and died from sudden illness in his office at two o’clock on the morning of July 8, 1994.
He lived up to the mottoes “The people are my God” all his life.
He was awarded the titles of Generalissimo of the DPRK, Hero of the Republic (three times), and Labour Hero.
He met over 70,000 foreign guests including heads of state and government and party leaders, and paid official or unofficial visits to 80 countries on 50 occasions.
He received over 180 top decorations from more than 70 countries and international organizations, titles of honorary citizenship of over 30 cities, titles of honorary professor and honorary doctor from 20 renowned foreign universities, and hundreds of thousand presents of best wishes from more than 170 countries.
Bronze statues of Kim Il Sung were erected in China and Mongolia, the “International Kim Il Sung Prize” was instituted, and more than 480 streets, institutions and organizations in over 100 countries were named after him.
His classic works were translated into 63 different languages and published by publishing houses in 108 countries.
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