Pyongyang is the capital of the Democratic
People’s Republic of Korea. Situated in the southwest of the central part
of Korea, it is 84 metres above the sea on the average. Blending harmoniously
with the surrounding mountains, hills, fields and the clear River Taedong,
it has been known as a scenic place from olden times.
Its history began when King Tangun, the founding father of the Korean nation, established Kojoson, the first ancient Korean state, and chose Pyongyang as the capital of the country in the early 30th century BC.
By the foundation of the DPRK by President Kim Il Sung after liberating the country in August Juche 34 (1945), the city’s new history began as the capital of a sovereign and independent state.
During the Korean war (1950-1953) the US imperialists dropped more than 428,000 bombs on Pyongyang, a greater number than the population of the city at the time, reducing it to ashes. However, the heroic Korean people healed the war wounds in less than ten years.
As the political, economic and cultural centre of the country, Pyongyang has been built into a modern rising city. The heart of the city is Kim Il Sung Square. On Namsan Hill at the back of the square stands the majestic Grand People’s Study House.
The streets in the central part and on the outskirts of the city have been laid out in full consideration of the citizens’ labour conditions, residence and conditions for rest.
Since the 1970s new streets have been built one after another, changing the whole looks of the city beyond recognition. Among them are Chollima, Munsu, Changgwang, Kwangbok,
Thongil and Chongchun Streets.
The Mangyongdae revolutionary site, Kumsusan Memorial Palace, Korean Revolution Museum, Grand Monument on Mansu Hill,
Tower of the Juche Idea, Arch of Triumph, Monument to Party Founding and other revolutionary sites and monuments across the city show the brilliant traditions and history of the Korean people’s struggle.
Before liberation, Pyongyang was a consumer city with backward handicrafts, agriculture and commerce. It has turned into a dynamic producer city with modern heavy industry, light industry and agriculture.
The city now has first-rate educational, cultural and public health establishments, sports and cultural facilities and scientific research institutions.
As a city of good environmental protection, Pyongyang is a “park city.” The amount of green space per resident is 58 square meters.
In Pyongyang, the cradle of human race and the fountainhead of the “Taedonggang Culture,” one of the world’s five cultures, the remains and relics of primitive society one million years old and ancient and medieval societies, including the Komunmoru relics in Sangwon County, are carefully preserved.
By leader Kim Jong Il’s grand plan of city construction Pyongyang renews its appearance day after day as a typical city blending classical and modern beauties.